Flow meter aids on WAG sites

Water-Alternating-Gas (WAG) Injection is an enhanced oil recovery (EOR) technique that helps recover the oil in a mature reservoir, which has been in production for many years. This technique makes it is possible to recover significantly more oil by alternately injecting carbon dioxide (CO2) gas with water.

In a typical WAG system, the V-Cone Flow Meter is installed as a master meter at the CO2 source with stainless steel piping split run to as many as 16 injection wells.

Even with 16 pipe runs, the V-Cone master meter maintains excellent accuracy when the volumes of the16 pipe runs are added together. The meter itself also requires virtually no maintenance – only a simple calibration check of the transmitter.

Engineers in the oil and gas industry rely on the V-Cone Flow Meter to remain accurate in the toughest applications. Its low-maintenance, no-moving-parts design is proven to remain accurate for 25 or more years, according to its manufacturer, and all but eliminates the need to shut down production for calibrations, inspections or regular primary element replacement.

With built-in flow conditioning, the V-Cone Flow Meter features advanced differential pressure (dP) technology to nearly eliminate the upstream and downstream straight pipe runs required by other dP instruments, such as orifice plates and venture tubes. Requiring only 0-3 straight pipe diameters upstream and 0-1 downstream for precise operation, it reduces typical straight runs by 70 percent or more as compared to traditional flow measurement technologies.

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Packaged Wastewater Treatment System Pairs With Pad Drilling Sites

Water protection is always an important consideration when preparing a site for a work camp, drill pad or other operation that brings many crew members onto a location for lengthy periods of time.

Industrial water is always top of mind, but wastewater generated by sanitation rarely gets discussed. Tightening provincial regulations surrounding work sites is making it a concern, however.

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Heavy Oil & Oil Sands

Forced-circulation steam generation for SAGD applications

The Forced-Circulation Oil Sands Steam Generator offers numerous advantages over conventional boiler systems.
The Forced-Circulation Oil Sands Steam Generator offers numerous advantages over conventional boiler systems.

Steam-Assisted Gravity Drainage, better known as SAGD, is considered to be the most viable and environmentally safe recovery technology for extracting heavy oil and bitumen. The process, which has been utilized for more than a decade, uses an advanced form of steam stimulation to extract oil from a pair of horizontal wells drilled into a reservoir.

In the SAGD process, one well is drilled above the bitumen deposit and a second one below the deposit. The upper well is supplied with high-pressure steam, and the lower well collects the heated oil or bitumen that flows out, along with any water from the condensation of injected steam. The bitumen and water are pumped out and travel to a tank, where the two elements are separated. This “produced water” is then cleaned and returns to the boiler, where it is converted into steam and injected back into the ground.

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Portable Power & Compressors

Deciding If a Natural Gas Generator Is the Right Fit For Your Well Site

Natural gas generators such as this one (below) can use wellhead gas and reduce costs for operators.
Natural gas generators such as this one (below) can use wellhead gas and reduce costs for operators.

When you break down a natural gas generator next to its diesel counterpart, it’s difficult to tell the differences. The primary difference involves the fuel source. Natural gas generators are equipped with diesel engines that are configured to operate on wellhead natural gas – a distinction that gives the natural gas generator a clear operational advantage for those in the oil and gas industry.

One of the main advantages of natural gas over diesel generators is fuel savings. Wellhead natural gas is a common by-product of oil well drilling and, thereby, a free fuel source.

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Portable Power & Compressors

Chicago Pneumatic 850 CFM Compressor Works Range of Applications With Variable Flow and Pressure Control

Chicago Pneumatic Construction Equipment has released the CPS 850 portable diesel compressor to the North American marketplace. The compressor can work a range of applications with variable flow and pressure control, making it an incredibly versatile solution on the jobsite. The 850 CFM compressor also features easy operation, simplified maintenance, and a maximum amount of uptime.

Equipped with a 25-hp, 6-cylinder John Deere T4F engine, the CPS 850 compressor weighs 7,980 pounds and measures 203-inches long, 80-inches wide, and 86-inches tall. With an easily adjustable working pressure between 58 and 150 psi, the compressor offers a maximum unloading pressure of 175 psi, and features an 88-gallon fuel tank that consumes fuel at 10.7 gallons per hour.

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Portable Power & Compressors

Minimize Downtime and Optimize Performance with the Right Oil

Plants operating many gas engines need to ensure they have low downtime.
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A reliable and well-maintained gas-powered engine can lead to a healthier bottom line for plant operators. Operations and service managers need high performing products that have a proven track record of success under a wide range of conditions and should take a proactive approach in carefully selecting a gas engine oil (GEO) to help achieve ideal engine performance. In contrast with other fuel types, gas engines traditionally burn cleaner and hotter and operate at a constant speed. GEOs play a critical role in engine cleanliness and durability, which means they must be specifically formulated to minimize engine downtime, maximize drain intervals and optimize performance.

How drain intervals affect engine reliability

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Instrumentation, Systems & Automation

Automation Makes Inventory Management Systems Smoother

All through the system by which oil and gas products flow to markets are sites at which product is gathered and distributed in various ways.

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Instrumentation, Systems & Automation

Fibre optics bring plug and play ethernet connectivity to oil and gas

Industrial fibre optic systems can be easily monitored from central control rooms.
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The recent Santa Barbara, CA oil spill is yet another example of the need to monitor and control pipelines to prevent breaches that could endanger life and property for hundreds of miles overland and along coastlines. According to the Los Angeles News Group, the spill of more than 100,000 gallons of oil resulted from the failure of monitoring equipment to detect leaks in a corroded pipeline and to automatically shut off valves supplying the oil.

To protect infrastructure against such disasters, promote worker safety and facilitate automated functions ranging from drilling to wellhead operation and transport pipelines, oil and gas operators are increasingly turning to fibre optic cable suppliers for “end-to-end” communications and control solutions. Many such solutions include ruggedized cable and connectors that ensure survival of fibre-based DCS/PLC automation/control architectures for onshore and offshore oil and gas operations, even in the harshest environments.

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Instrumentation, Systems & Automation

A Practical Guide to Improving Temperature Measurement Accuracy

A TDZ3 temperature transmitter can provide a good system option.
A TDZ3 temperature transmitter can provide a good system option.

Some processes do not require temperature measurement accuracy, and others do. However, you may be unsure whether accuracy is important for your particular application, or whether improving accuracy will make enough of a difference in your process results to justify the cost and effort. This article identifies problems that result from inaccurate measurements and outlines ways to solve them that are both effective and economical.

Temperature measurements can be categorized into three groups:

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